What is a Credit Rating?

What is a Credit Rating?
Posted by on Mar 17, 2017

What is a credit rating

A key concept in real estate investing, particularly with single-tenant, net-leased properties, is the credit quality of the underlying tenant. A credit rating is an estimate of an entity’s ability to honor its financial commitments. Credit ratings apply to debt securities such as bonds and loans, but do not apply to equity securities like common stock. Analysis of an entity’s credit rating is based on likelihood of payment, nature of the obligation and protection from bankruptcy. When considering a single-tenant net lease, it is important to consider the tenant’s credit rating and thus the likelihood that the tenant can honor its contractual lease obligations. Holding all else constant, the riskier a tenant’s credit rating, generally, the higher the required investor yields for the underlying property.

Ratings agencies

Credit ratings are typically provided by one or more of the “big three” credit ratings agencies: Standards and Poor’s (S&P), Moody’s and Fitch.

S&P:  Credit ratings are scored on a scale from AAA to D, with AAA being the strongest rating and D being the weakest.

Moody’s:  Credit ratings are scored on a scale from Aaa to C, with Aaa being the lowest risk profile and C being the highest risk profile.

Fitch: Fitch’s ratings, like S&P, are assigned on a scale from AAA to D, with AAA being the highest and D being the lowest.

An S&P rating of BBB- (and its equivalent) or better is known as “investment grade.”  Ratings below BBB- (or equivalent) are known as “non-investment grade” and sometimes referred to as “junk” and are regarded as having “question marks” regarding its long-term financial viability.


Moody’s S&P Fitch

Rating Description

Aaa AAA AAA Prime

Investment grade

Aa1 AA+ AA+

High Grade

Aa2 AA AA
Aa3 AA- AA-
A1 A+ A+

Upper Medium Grade

A2 A A
A3 A- A-
Baa1 BBB+ BBB+

Lower Medium Grade

Baa2 BBB BBB
Baa3 BBB- BBB-
Ba1 BB+ BB+

Non-investment grade speculative

Non-investment grade

Ba2 BB BB
Ba3 BB- BB-
B1 B+ B+

Highly Speculative

B2 B B
B3 B- B-
Caa1 CCC+

CCC

Substantial Risks
Caa2 CCC Extremely Speculative
Caa3 CCC-

Default Imminent with little prospect for recovery

Ca

CC
C
C

D

DDD

In default

l

DD
D

Source: Moody’s, S&P, Fitch

The chart below illustrates a range of credit ratings by common tenants of NNN properties. It should be noted that not every company has a credit rating. Generally speaking, credit ratings apply to companies with publicly traded debt or bonds. Companies with no debt may not have a credit rating, but may be considered a low-risk tenant. Small private companies are less likely to have credit ratings and “mom-and-pop” businesses are not rated. For non-rated tenants, investors may need to review the company’s financial statements or otherwise determine their financial soundness.

Credit ratings examples:

Tenant Stock Symbol Moody’s S&P
Walmart WMT Aa2 AA
7-Eleven N/A Baa1 AA-
McDonald’s MCD A2 A
CVS CVS Baa1 BBB+
O’Reilly Auto Parts ORLY Baa1 BBB+
FedEx FDX Baa1 BBB
Walgreens WBA Baa2 BBB
Dollar General DG Baa3 BBB-
Family Dollar FDO Baa3 BBB-
Burger King N/A B3 B+

Credit ratings are a very useful tool in evaluating the strength of a property’s tenants. However, credit ratings are just one of many tools that should be considered in making investment decisions. To see more credit ratings of commonly traded single-tenant, net-leased properties, see our NNN tenant profile page, or view our online Marketplace for a variety of real estate investment options.

Topics: 1031 Exchange, NNN Single Tenant Properties, Real Estate Investing, 1031 Exchange Basics